Market Drayton Infant & Nursery School

‘An excellent, happy school, where we enjoy learning’

Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar guidance

SPAG stands for Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar. It is a core focus of the English National Curriculum (2014).


What terminology will the children be using in Key Stage One?

Year 1

  • Suffix: A suffix is an ‘ending’, used at the end of one word to turn it into another word, e.g. teacher.
  • Prefix: A prefix is added at the beginning of a word in order to turn it into another word, e.g. disappear.
  • Conjunction: A conjunction links two words or phrases together, e.g. when, and, but, because.
  • Connectives: Words/phrases that stitch meaning together between clauses, sentences, paragraphs, e.g. however, first, next, then
  • Clause: A clause is a mini sentence, a string of words that hangs together on the verb. Clauses may be main or subordinate, e.g. It was raining.
  • Preposition: When or where something happens, e.g. to, at, outside


Year 2

  • Noun: Nouns can be used after determiners, such as ‘the’ and ‘a’, e.g. the book. Nouns may be classified as common (e.g. boy, day) or proper (e.g. Ivan, Wednesday).
  • Pronouns: Used instead of the specific names, e.g. he, she Adjective: Used before a noun, to make the noun’s meaning more specific (i.e. to modify the noun), or after the verb be, as its complement.
  • Adverb: They can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb or even a whole clause. Verb: They can usually have a tense, either present or past (see also future). They usually name states or feelings rather than actions, e.g. He likes cake.
  • Comma: A comma marks a slight break between different parts of a sentence or a list.
  • Apostrophe: Used to show the place of missing letters (e.g. I’m for I am) and marking possessives (e.g. Hannah’s mother).
  • Homophone: Two different words that sound the same but are spelt differently, e.g. hear, here. Near homophones: Two words that are spelt the same but have different meanings. Types of sentence:
  • Statement: This type of sentence tells you about something, it is stating a fact! It ends with a full stop.
  • Exclamation: This type of sentence shows a strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation mark.
  • Command: This type of sentence tells you to do something. It ends with a full stop.
  • Question: This type of sentence asks something. It ends with a question mark.
  • Tenses: In English, tense is the choice between present and past verbs, which is special because it is signalled by inflections and normally indicates differences of time.
  • Punctuation Full stop – Used to end a sentence.
  • Question Mark – Used when a direct question is asked.
  • Exclamation Mark – Used to indicate strong feelings or a raised voice in speech.
  • Inverted Commas – (not speech marks) “ ” or ‘ ’ Commas – Used at the end of speech and in lists
  • Apostrophes – Used to show possession or when a letter is missing.